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Britain has one of the most frugal benefits systems in Europe, according to a new study by Glassdoor Economic Research.
It has compiled a ranking of 14 European countries which shows Britain comes in the bottom three taking into account factors such as unemployment benefit, maternity and paternity entitlements, annual leave and sick pay. Only Switzerland and Ireland come out worse.
The report, titled , conducted in cooperation with Llewellyn Consulting, suggests that when ranked in order, the countries offering the most generous workplace and welfare benefits overall are Denmark, France and Spain.
When just looking at those countries offering the most unemployment benefits (pay and eligibility period), Denmark and Belgium offer the most and the UK and Ireland offer the least. Denmark offers 90 percent of previous earnings for anything up to 104 weeks (two years). The UK offers the lowest unemployment benefit of between €66 or €84 per week, depending on age, for up to 26 weeks. Ireland provides a flat rate of €188 per week between 22-33 weeks.
The study presents an analysis of six key social indicators, including: unemployment benefits, maternity entitlements, annual leave, sick pay, paternity and parental entitlements. For benchmarking purposes, the study also presents how these European markets track against the United States, which almost universally offers benefits well below even the lowest of EU benefits.
Glassdoor’s Chief Economist Dr. Andrew Chamberlain said: “No governments have limitless budgets, but the general perception has always been that the UK provides a generous benefit scheme for all. We now have evidence to suggest that Britain is no longer an easy ride, especially when compared to its European neighbours. Denmark, France and Spain offer far better social benefits that support local workforces. For the UK, it could be argued that parental leave, sick pay and unemployment benefits are particularly meagre.
“Social policy across Europe is generally far more generous than in the US. There is, however, considerable variation across the region. Providing workplace entitlements is a complex responsibility for governments. Striking the right balance is never easy.”
The study shows paid sick leave is most generous in the Netherlands, where workers can be absent for up to 104 weeks and receive 70 percent of their salary for the whole period. This is followed closely by Germany where workers can be absent for 78 weeks but receive 100 percent of earnings in the first six weeks. UK workers get paid a flat rate of around £88 a week. In Switzerland, sick workers must be paid at least three weeks, and in Ireland it varies depending on terms of contract.
The UK does well on maternity leave. Every EU country offers at least the statutory minimum of 14 weeks maternity leave, but the UK offers 52 weeks. In terms of pay however, in Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Spain, new mothers get 100 percent of previous earnings for the entire period. The country offering the least pay is Ireland with only 26 out of 42 weeks paid at a flat rate of €230 per week. In the UK, 39 of 52 weeks are paid with only the first six weeks at 90 percent of earnings followed by £140 per week for the remaining period.
Entitlements for dads vary across Europe. New fathers in Finland receive 45 working days off. UK fathers get only 10 paid days off. However, Norway offers 10 days, but they are unpaid.