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Men are nearly twice as likely to have mental health problems due to being unemployed than women, according to a new report.
The report by the charity Men’s Health Forum and The Work Foundation, Lancaster University Services, found services are failing to address the serious health problems worsened by unemployment in men, hampering their chances of finding and retaining a job.
It says unemployed men, particularly those with previously unstable work and with a lower socio economic status, have a higher risk of developing poor health as a result of being unemployed than other groups.
Sick of Being Unemployed: The health issues of out of work men and how support services are failing to address them states that:
– Men are nearly twice as likely to have mental health problems due to being unemployed than women
– 800 extra male and 155 female suicides between 2008-2010 were linked to the recession above the trend, which had been decreasing
– Unemployed men actively seeking work have a 20% greater risk of death than employed men
The report calls on the government to act on preventing ill health and addressing existing health conditions that are barriers to employment within back to work support services.
A case study in the report on an initiative from Tomorrow’s People and the James Wigg Health Centre, a GP surgery in London, shows how integrated health and unemployment support can have benefits for patients. The GP surgery agreed to have a Tomorrow’s People employment advisor based in its practice to offer support. Around 70% of those helped by the service were unemployed, 85% of whom had been out of work for six months or more. The results showed 87% entered employment, a voluntary or training placement, or some form of education and health outcomes were improved.
Martin Tod, chief executive of the Men’s Health Forum, said: “We knew ill people were more likely to be unemployed – now our new report shows that being unemployed makes men sick. Of course, unemployment doesn’t just affect men, but the effect on health appears to be much greater amongst men than amongst women. The government must look at how ill-health in unemployed men could be prevented. Local councils must work in partnership with Jobcentres, health care providers and charities to tackle the toll of unemployment on men.”
Jenny Gulliford, policy and research officer at The Work Foundation and lead author of the report, said: “While the harmful effect of unemployment can be felt by both genders, there is evidence to suggest that men are overall more likely to suffer adverse health consequences than women, especially in the short term.
“With poor health often a barrier to returning to work, the government needs to take action if it wants to improve job outcomes. Worryingly, despite potential capacity in the Work Programme, it seems there is a lack of specialist support to either prevent poor health or to support jobseekers with pre-existing long term conditions or disability. A more innovative approach to tackling the health of unemployed men, including taking action at an earlier stage and a joined-up approach from Jobcentres and other agencies, must be taken to improve both the health and employment outcomes for men.”